The author states his thesis as “the central, or most fundamental, question of political philosophy is the question of political obligation”. The question of political obligation has always been the center of discussion. Why would anyone consent to be governed by the state? This question has been supported with the centrality thesis. This question can not be ignored since it has to do with the everyday lives of human beings. However, modern political philosophers have not dealt with supporting arguments towards the thesis. They have also failed to provided a sound critique against it. With the help of other modern philosophers, the author gives himself great authority to aid the reader with his own arguments for the thesis.
The author divides his arguments in favor of the thesis into five parts. Part one concerns the understanding of the centrality thesis. The lack of agreement for the meaning of political obligation is the first problem that arises. There are those who believe that the question of political philosophy is, why should any one obey anyone else? And others who say that the question of political philosophy is an arrangement based off of different questions and not just one. Hanna Pitkin’s article on “Obligation and Consent” gathers four questions of political obligation that give the reader assertion to classify Pitkin’s questions on neither being conclusive or complete. For this the author goes on to say “the question of political obligation is short for all questions concerning the correctness or wrongness of obeying or disobeying the government”. Based off of Margaret’s McDonalds’s (British analytic philosopher) indications on those who disregard the general question “...
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...s, the less it appeals to Liberals.
In Conclusion, as a citizen of a country you have a political obligation on certain duties that apply to you: file taxes, follow the law, vote and etc. You also have to do what is morally correct and political obligation aids citizens to act appropriately. Throughout his whole article the author argued for and against the centrality thesis. The conclusion made in this sections is that an appropriate evaluation on the thesis requires both senses of centrality and question of political obligation. If the centrality thesis was taken as “descriptive” it would cause invalidity due to the extents of exclusions that applied. Ultimately, the final conclusion was made when the author states that the question of political philosophy is not an extreme liberal question and that it is appropriate for gaining a broader knowledge on this topic.
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