POL. SCI 204
During the fourth century BC, Athens two most influential thinkers of all time had emerged, Plato and Aristotle. Socrates, a great influential philosopher who influence his pupil such as Plato, through his teachings. Plato, then became the teacher of Aristotle, who although was a long term follower, found fault in Plato`s theories. In fact, Aristotle became a great critic of his teacher. Despite his criticism, Aristotle was influenced by Plato and in so their works are easily comparable, however, some aspect of their philosophy can be contradictive.
Both Plato and Aristotle based their theories on four widely accepted beliefs; knowledge must be real the world becomes experienced via what is real, knowledge must be what is fixed and unchanging, while the world experienced via the sense is fixed and unchanging. These fundamental points are what led to difference on viewpoints of both philosopher. In order, to overcome these prevalent differences each philosopher choose a side to disregard and prove to be unnecessary. Plato choose to rejected the claim that the world experience through the senses is what is real; while on the other hand, Aristotle rejected the claim that knowledge must be of what is fixed and unchanging. Within these differences created a problem to be overcome by both philosophers. While Plato had to give account of how is knowledge created while Aristotle, had to account for knowledge that undergoes change.
Plato and Aristotle both define their “form” to overcome their relative problems with knowledge. Both philosophers are able to agree on classifying all things. For example, a table is a table because they reflect the form of a table. However, where the differ...
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...ies outweigh the similarities. However, both philosophers do leave questions and concerns in their arguments. Plato is often criticised for being too elitist in his view he requires a substantial amount of time devoted to understand his learnings. He is also often seen as ignorant and incapable or at least unwilling to accept the truth of reality. Aristotle though is much more grounded and includes everybody in being able to learn. Aristotle raise questions on how something which existed beyond time and space can have a connection with those particular which exist within time and space. However, their theories led to two of the greatest philosophical views, transcendentalism and naturalism, which has enabled future philosophers to build upon their original views and revise them to accommodate new information and discoveries since Plato and Aristotle’s original era.
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- Emmanuel Marsh Professor Wiener POL. SCI 204 During the fourth century BC, Athens two most influential thinkers of all time had emerged, Plato and Aristotle. Socrates, a great influential philosopher who influence his pupil such as Plato, through his teachings. Plato, then became the teacher of Aristotle, who although was a long term follower, found fault in Plato`s theories. In fact, Aristotle became a great critic of his teacher. Despite his criticism, Aristotle was influenced by Plato and in so their works are easily comparable, however, some aspect of their philosophy can be contradictive.... [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Truth, Logic]
1078 words (3.1 pages)
- Aristotle and Plato were both great thinkers but their views on realty were different. Plato viewed realty as taking place in the mind but Aristotle viewed realty is tangible. Even though Aristotle termed reality as concrete, he stated that reality does not make sense or exist until the mind process it. Therefore truth is dependent upon a person’s mind and external factors. According to Aristotle, things are seen as taking course and will eventually come to a stop when potential is reached. The entire process of potential to actuality is call causation.... [tags: Aristotle, Plato, philosophy, ]
983 words (2.8 pages)
- The philosophies of Plato and Aristotle and their contributions to the development of western philosophy. Plato was a classical Greek philosopher and one of the top 5 contributors to Western philosophy, educator after his mentor, Socrates and teacher of Aristotle. His sophistication as a writer started while under the tutelage of Socrates, continued through his establishing of his own academy, (The Academy of Athens which has been labeled as the first institution of higher learning in the Western World) and throughout his many years as an open minded author.... [tags: Plato and Aristotle Essays]
606 words (1.7 pages)
- Introduction Plato and Aristotle are renowned Greek philosophers who arguably proved to be great thinkers in their lifetime. Plato started his work in Athens as a philosopher and he played a big role in the development of the political philosophy. Apart from his philosophical works, Plato also took part in the development of science, mathematics and Christianity. In the republic, he sets out to define what is justice and its role to the society. On the other hand, Aristotle dealt mostly with political science.... [tags: Plato, Justice, Ethics, Philosophy]
833 words (2.4 pages)
- ... He believed that to understand something completely, one needed to have direct experience with it through observing the natural world: One doesn’t need to venture to another world or realm to gain knowledge. Thus, Aristotle rejected Plato’s Theory of Forms (IEP). For Aristotle, the ‘forms’ Plato referred to existed within the imperfect things themselves, rather than existing in some other world. Aristotle’s Theory of Knowledge was grounded on his firm belief in logic and demanded empirical evidence.... [tags: Wisdom, Human Philosophy]
1222 words (3.5 pages)
- The pursuit of knowledge has led many a philosopher to wonder what the purpose of life truly is, and how the material and immaterial are connected. The simple fact is, we can never know for certain. Arguments can be made, words can be thrown around, and rationale can be supported, but we as mere humans are not capable of arriving at the perfect understanding of life. Nonetheless, in the war against our own ignorance, we seek possible explanations to explain that which science and math cannot. Philosopher 's such as Plato and Aristotle have made notable contributions to our idea of the soul and its role in the grand scheme of life, while some, such as Descartes, have taken a more metaphysical... [tags: Soul, Mind, Socrates, Ontology]
1509 words (4.3 pages)
- Socrates Plato, and Aristotle have had a huge influence on Philosophy is still incomparable, up to this day. From what I have learned in this course, I will explain how they have inspired, invented and even have changed many people’s view on life. One of Plato’s theories is his view on the universe, called Theory of Forms. According to Plato, we live in world that is constantly undertaking change. Plato says that nothing is ever permanent; people, animals and crops, and wildlife live and then die eventually.... [tags: Plato, Philosophy, Socrates, Aristotle]
1544 words (4.4 pages)
- Plato and Aristotle's worries in The Republic and Politics was understanding virtue and justice, and figuring out who was best fit to lead. In both cases, Plato and Aristotle were worried about the political community on the loose, and about how morals and politics met. Nicolo Machiavelli, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke question this suspicion to some degree, and relate their own particular worries about great government, request, and human nature. This exposition will differentiate the works of Machiavelli, concerning his understanding of government.... [tags: plato, aristotle, government, philosophy]
1407 words (4 pages)
- For the Greeks, a heavy emphasis has been places on politics. It is as though a very important of their life is politics, which they structure their life around through polis. Citizens play a main role because they are all given an opportunity to participate in the agora. Despite, political systems constantly getting rebirthed in Greece, the characteristics of Greeks are as well. As their characteristics evolve over time, they are either further able to make better citizens or cause the destruction of a political regime.... [tags: Plato, Aristotle, Political philosophy]
1752 words (5 pages)
- Aristotle and Socrates and Plato’s beliefs have similarities mainly evident in their denouncement of democracy for the state. The views of Socrates expressed and written by his pupil Plato are vastly philosophical in nature and he promotes the idea of questioning life to achieve insight. The philosophers who possess the absolute truth are the best equipped to rule society according to Plato and his Allegory of the Cave. Conversely, Aristotle takes a more political science approach of discussing and analyzing various constitutions to determine the best form of government, where the rational beings in a society are the natural rulers.... [tags: Philosophy, Aristotle, Socrates, Plato]
1673 words (4.8 pages)