To begin with, the history of philosophy and science are their most similar aspects, both having emerged in the same manner. Philosophy is traceable mostly to Greco-Roman epochs, though it has other roots and most likely has no exact beginning. In any case, it progressed over the years, with famous philosophers such as Socrates, Aristotle and Plato beginning one of the most consequential periods of philosophy and forming the basis of its future. In fact, philosophy before Socrates is known as Pre-Socratic philosophy. (“Greek Philosophy”) As events continued, European thought changed gradually until the 18th century Enlightenment when the French philosophes brought about an alteration in the major world-view and brought it more or less to what it is today (Buckler, 605-608). As for science, it too cannot have an official beginning, but the Greek philosopher Thales of Miletus created it as “natural philosophy,” and the thinkers of the time considered it a part of philosophy (O’Grady, “Thales of Miletus”). Scientific advances in the...
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"Nature of Science." University of California, Berkeley. University of California Museum of Paleontology, Web. 16 Dec 2009.
O’Grady, Patricia. "Thales of Miletus (c. 620 BCE – c. 546 BCE)." Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2004. Web.
"Philosophy." Answers.com. Web. 17 Dec 2009.
"The Quantum and the Cosmos I." American Institute of Physics. 2004. The Center for History of Physics, Web. 17 Dec 2009.
Truncellito, David. "Epistemology." Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2004. Web.
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