Immanuel Kant was a philosopher born on April 22, 1724, in Konigsberg, East Prussia. Kant devoted his life into writing, reading and teaching. During his time, Kant began his philosophical journey being a believer of rationalism, which is the study of anything based of reasoning or knowledge justifying an idea. He studied this for years but figured a different view was better. That view was the view through metaphysics. Metaphysics is the base of all philosophy which analyzes abstract concepts of life such as time and space. With this, Kant discovered the theory of universalizability, which is the general moral principle that allows us to judge whether a maxim is moral or not. A maxim, in short, is the results of an action in addition with the purpose to that original action. Kant made another theory known as the principle for respect for persons, which states that you should treat people with the most respect as if they are worth everything to you.
Before Kant’s time, a famous philosopher by the name of Aristotle came up with a theory. In Aristotle’s mind, he believed that a common way of judging someone else’s morality is by evaluating the consequences of that person’s actions. This is known as the consequentialist ethical theory. Although his theory may have seemed like an accurate statement, Kant thought differently and believed that the consequentialist ethical theory made no sense. He believed that whether or not someone is good or bad is not based on their consequences. “Kant argues, that what gives a particular action moral worth is not the kind of action it is, nor the consequences of the action is performed by the psychological maxim motivating that action.” (Bailey, p.54). He states that no matter what action you do, ...
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...osite force to oppose it. An example would be life and death. Wherever there is life, there is always death to oppose it. Kant’s theory of how good must have bad and bad must have good is exactly like what yin and yang is so there is no doubt in why I agree with Kant’s claim. Apart from whether I think his claim is plausible or not, I truly believe that Kant’s theory on morality is the most accurate. I don’t think that a person’s morality is based on the consequences of their actions. Consequences are uncontrollable because everyone’s minds are different. What truly proves a person’s morality is the actions and choices they choose and what intention they have towards it. A person’s will to do good or do bad is what makes a person good or bad. This being said, I believe that Kant’s thoughts is the basis of modern philosophy and is what people still believe in today.
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- Immanuel Kant was a philosopher born on April 22, 1724, in Konigsberg, East Prussia. Kant devoted his life into writing, reading and teaching. During his time, Kant began his philosophical journey being a believer of rationalism, which is the study of anything based of reasoning or knowledge justifying an idea. He studied this for years but figured a different view was better. That view was the view through metaphysics. Metaphysics is the base of all philosophy which analyzes abstract concepts of life such as time and space.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]
1476 words (4.2 pages)
- ... The second formulation, which is called the Formula of Humanity, declares “act as to treat humanity, whether in thine own person or in that of any other, in every case as an end withal, never as means only” (Kant, 169). Simply put, Kant claims that all individuals must be treated as rational beings and not as tools to achieve a particular advancement. Kant argues instances that are immoral when applied to the categorical imperative, but the example he predominantly expounds upon is lying. With his two forms of the categorical imperative, Kant makes some valid points, especially pertaining to lying.... [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics, Philosophy]
1433 words (4.1 pages)
- ... To Kant, duty is the way in which human beings should act in order to carry out the good will. Because human beings are born with the capacity to reason, Kant believes that it is our moral duty to act in accordance with rationality and, therefore, uphold the good will (p. 7). It is also important to note that, from this knowledge of the good will, Kant criticizes the idea that happiness is the goal of humanity. Under Kant 's principles, reason should be the motivating force of human actions.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]
1200 words (3.4 pages)
- Do humans truly have free will or are their lives completely predetermined. This question of free will has and will always remain to be a place for argument in philosophy. Many of the great philosophers attempted to answer this question, but none did as well of a job as Immanuel Kant. He lays the basis of his argument in his Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysics. Kant writes this prolegomena in response to David Hume’s of skepticism, and therefore, Kant is attempting to more firmly ground metaphysics.... [tags: freedom, antithesis, argument]
1223 words (3.5 pages)
- History of Kantianism Kant was born into a lower-class Pietist (evangelical Lutheran) family in an area of Prussia which is now part of Russia.  Though his parents were religious, Kant was more likely influenced by their work ethic than by their religion.  While living in Prussia, Kant learned about the enlightenment movement, which provided a contrast to help him develop his views on autonomy and freedom.  Another of the main influences for Kant was the recent work of scientists, specifically, Copernicus, Galileo, and Newton.... [tags: Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality]
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- In the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant proposes his philosophy of ethics. In order to accurately approach this topic and present fluent deduction he begins by defining philosophy into three fields. There is “Physics” of which studies the physical world, there is “Ethics” of which is the study of morality and finally there is logic of which serves to study logical principles. Kant then divides the studying into two parts as well, separating it as either “empirical” (serving to study experiences) or “pure” (serving to study concepts).... [tags: Immanuel Kant, physics, ethics, logic]
1827 words (5.2 pages)
- ... However, did either form a society in the end that the founders would be proud of, more probable than not, no. Nietzsche would think it unfathomable to a have a world without currency, which is only because of his view of humanity. While agreeing with Nietzsche the world at the present state is ruled by an aristocratic class, which has a profound state of legalized corruption, with super PACs, which are essentially legalized forms of corruption. That of which is completely ignored by all three branches of this supposed perfect democracy that emulates the views of all while upholding liberty and justice for all however the slave morality Nietzsche proposes is false.... [tags: Human, Morality, Immanuel Kant, Utopia]
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- Kant's Maxim "Act so that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or that of another, always as an end and never as a means only." There are two opposing maxims that relate directly to Kant's point, and they both come to mind simultaneously. The first is that "the end justifies the means," and "the end never justifies the means that made it possible." We will examine both of these viewpoints in relation to Kant's maxim, and discuss them in terms of the issues of assisted suicide, euthanasia, capital punishment, and using people for our own purposes.... [tags: the end, capital punishment]
825 words (2.4 pages)
- As a philosopher during the Enlightenment era, Immanuel Kant is considered to be one of the great major thinkers of all time. His emphasis on the moral life and reason is his overall philosophy on life. One of his quotes even describes his overall philosophy; “Two things fill the mind with ever new and increasing wonder and awe, the oftener and the more steadily we reflect on them: the starry heavens above me and the moral law within me.” (Arrington 261) Kant’s views on “the moral law” are still applicable today, and his concept of “the categorical imperative” is influential as well.... [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics]
1747 words (5 pages)
- The Critical Philosophy of Immanuel Kant Criticism is Kant's original achievement; it identifies him as one of the greatest thinkers of mankind and as one of the most influential authors in contemporary philosophy. But it is important to understand what Kant means by'criticism', or 'critique'. In a general sense the term refers to a general cultivation of reason 'by way of the secure path of science' (Bxxx). More particularly, its use is not negative, but positive, a fact that finds expression in the famous expression, 'I have therefore found it necessary to deny knowledge to make room for faith' (Bxxx).... [tags: Kant Philosophical Essays]
2523 words (7.2 pages)
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