Global Warming And Its Effects Essay

Global Warming And Its Effects Essay

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“It 's record cold all over the country and world - where the hell is global warming, we need some fast!”, said by one of 2016 presidential candidates of the United States of America. Global warming is a term that has been excessively and loosely used in different aspects of society all over the world, yet the majority of the population do not truly understand and unsuccessfully grasp the concepts of global warming. For example, 63% of Americans know that global warming is occurring; however, many fail to comprehend why (Leiserowitz et al., 2010). The people, the media, the government and the scientific community have growing concerns regarding this particular matter. So, what exactly is global warming? Scientists have continuously documented the increasing trend in average temperature since the late 1800s. Over the past century, the Earth’s average temperature has risen by 0.8 degrees Celsius (Lean & Rind, 2009). Global warming is the gradual increase of the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere, surface and oceans. There are several reasons as to why global warming is occurring, and what effects it brings upon our planet. In order to be able to understand the concept of global warming there are some key terms that are crucial to add into the majority’s awareness.


Although Earth, in its long life, has undergone temperature fluctuations from ice ages to periods of global warming; generally, it has continuously maintained a sustainable temperature that kept a wide variety of species, including humans to survive and thrive. The energy constantly radiating from the sun travels in all directions and some of this radiation hits Earth. Nevertheless because of the planet’s atmosphere, 1/3 of the light is reflected back to spa...


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...here. As a result, when this amount declines it affects the rate of summer melt; then ice sheets begin to grow. The Earth’s albedo, the sunlight reflected back to space, becomes amplified. Therefore, there is an increase in the cooling trend. There has been observations and speculations of prolonged sunspot minimum called the Maunder minimum, will be experienced between 2030 to 2040 (Shepherd, Zharkov, & Zharkova, 2014). On the contrary although our planet’s orbit and tilt suggest that our planet should be cooling, there seem to be hindrances along the route to the new ice age. For instance, the expected solar-related temperature drops would be remotely outweighed by human-caused global warming (Feulner & Rahmstorf, 2010). Granted, if we are headed to an ice age, temperatures should be dropping; however, evidence clearly shows our global temperatures are on the rise.

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