Although Earth, in its long life, has undergone temperature fluctuations from ice ages to periods of global warming; generally, it has continuously maintained a sustainable temperature that kept a wide variety of species, including humans to survive and thrive. The energy constantly radiating from the sun travels in all directions and some of this radiation hits Earth. Nevertheless because of the planet’s atmosphere, 1/3 of the light is reflected back to spa...
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...here. As a result, when this amount declines it affects the rate of summer melt; then ice sheets begin to grow. The Earth’s albedo, the sunlight reflected back to space, becomes amplified. Therefore, there is an increase in the cooling trend. There has been observations and speculations of prolonged sunspot minimum called the Maunder minimum, will be experienced between 2030 to 2040 (Shepherd, Zharkov, & Zharkova, 2014). On the contrary although our planet’s orbit and tilt suggest that our planet should be cooling, there seem to be hindrances along the route to the new ice age. For instance, the expected solar-related temperature drops would be remotely outweighed by human-caused global warming (Feulner & Rahmstorf, 2010). Granted, if we are headed to an ice age, temperatures should be dropping; however, evidence clearly shows our global temperatures are on the rise.
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