Gender Role Representation and Stereotyping in Children's Books Essays

Gender Role Representation and Stereotyping in Children's Books Essays

Length: 1271 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Gender Representation and Stereotyping in Children’s Books Introduction:
This paper focuses on how society’s perception of male and female roles affects children’s literature in America and how these roles have changed slightly in the years from 1970 to the present time. Recent research on gender stereotyping in children’s literature books will be discussed. As the role of women and men changed throughout the years, so has the portrayal of characters in children’s books. Since 1970, more women entered the workforce and became more successful in their jobs outside of the home. They became bolder in proclaiming their equality with men. As a result, children’s books became a focus of controversy and gradually began reflecting this new function in gender equality. Although society’s views toward women and men have changed, the illustrations, use of language and the female or male representation in titles of children’s books has not correlated with the advancement of gender equality in America.
Main Body of the Paper:
A central focus in today’s society in regard to children’s picture books is gender stereotyping. The gender bias has an impact on how children perceive what is socially acceptable (Hamilton, Anderson, Broaddus, & Young, 2006). At about age 3, children begin to realize that there is a difference between themselves and the opposite sex. By age 5, they have created stereotypes associated with gender (Turner-Bowker, 1996). At this age, children also begin to separate themselves and form their self-identity (Gooden & Gooden, 2001). These stereotypes affect the way young children view appropriate roles and behavior. According to Beal, “gender is

both culturally and individually con...

... middle of paper ...

...rk: Oxford University Press. Kortenhaus, C. M. & Demarest, Jack. (1993-02-01). Gender Role Stereotyping in
Children's Literature: An Update. Sex Roles, 28(3), 219.
Paynter, K. C. (2011). Gender stereotypes and representation of female characters in
children's picture books. (Order No. 3481767, Liberty University). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 119. Retrieved from (907252720).
Rowell, E. H. (2007). Missing! picture books reflecting gay and lesbian families. YC Young Children, 62(3), 24-25,27-30. Retrieved from
Turner-Bowker, D. (1996). Gender stereotyped descriptors in children's picture books: Does "curious jane" exist in the literature? Sex Roles, 35(7-8), 461- 488. Retrieved from

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Gender Stereotyping: A Negative Effect on Youth

- In today’s world, the media has a great rein on youth as opposed to 10 or 20 years ago. Now a day we see children as young as 6 are able to get their hands on iPhones, iPads and other media devices that are available to them. Perhaps it is to play games, take a picture, or pass the time while they wait for something. But, no matter what it is, it has an influence on them. A factor that is played in today’s media that influences youth is that of gender stereotyping. It is the behavioral norms that are thought to be appropriate in today’s world....   [tags: Media, Gender Sterotyping, Young Adults]

Strong Essays
1028 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Gender Roles And Gender Stereotypes

- ... By requiring males to wear pants and females to wear a skirt or dress, it suggests that the uniform is a contributing factor in children believing that clothing is gender specific not gender neutral. The observational field research asked 10 children aged between 3 to 5 years old to dress their dolls in an outfit. As all children chose gender stereotypical outfits such as male dolls wearing pants and female dolls wearing a dress, the results support children’s predisposition of clothing is embedded from a young age....   [tags: Gender, Female, Male, Sex]

Strong Essays
1032 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Impact Of Gender Bias On Children 's Literature

- ... Consequently, that child can end up forming those ideas, stereotyping others as well as stereotyping themselves. Children’s literature has a responsibility to offer accurate, unbiased and equal portrayals of gender due to being an early influence on a child’s life and the impact it has on both young girls and young boys. The influence children’s literature can have on a child’s life and their outlook should not be underestimated. Children’s literature according to Madsen (2012), carries strong messages about norms of society and are an important tool in teaching and learning....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Masculinity, Man]

Strong Essays
1127 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Education As A Tool For Women 's Social Mobility And Gender Equity

- ... In some cases, the way women are portrayed in textbooks illegitimatizes their role as patriots of their country. Mutukwe (2012) provides an analysis of the type of imagery depicted in children’s textbooks, as seen in Figure 1. Some of the texts in Mutukwe’s (2012) analysis are history books that give an account of Zimbabwe’s Second Liberation War from 1964-1979. In these textbooks, the role of women is limited. Their roles in this war are represented as spoils of war and easy targets. Women are then characterized as weak and men as their protectors and their owners, without speaking on the actual roles women have during times of war....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Woman, Feminism]

Strong Essays
1678 words (4.8 pages)

Essay on Gender Issues in Children's Literature: Then and Now

- Gender Issues in Children's Literature: Then and Now Charlotte's Web, Anne of Green Gables, Treasure Island, Cinderella and Grimm's Brothers fairy tales, have all been treasures of society's basic children's literature. They covered their share of beauties, villains, conflicts and happy-endings that many of us remember till this day. But were we as society's children aware of the impact these stories made on our views of men and women. Although parents, teachers and other socializing agents communicate gender roles to children at an early age, the issue of how children's literature influences gender roles, stereotyping and sometimes sexism has been a topic on many educators, researchers an...   [tags: Sociology Gender Stereotypes Books Essays]

Strong Essays
3301 words (9.4 pages)

Sex Roles and Gender Bias in Early Childhood Education Essay

- Sex role stereotyping and gender bias permeate everyday life. Children learn about sex roles very early in their lives, probably before they are 18 months old, certainly long before they enter school.(Howe, 1). The behaviors that form these sex roles often go unnoticed but their effect is immeasurable. Simple behaviors like: the color coding of infants (blue & pink), the toys children are given, the adjectives used to describe infants (boys: handsome, big, strong; girls: sweet, pretty, precious), and the way we speak to and hold them are but a few of the ways the sex roles are introduced....   [tags: Stereotyping Bias Gender Roles Stereotypes Essays]

Strong Essays
2170 words (6.2 pages)

Stereotypes in Early Gender Socialization Essay

- If we try to categorize human by the term “gender”, people will be divided into two groups, males and females. Using this kind of categorization, it is considering people who belong in the same group are similar, and these two groups are very different from each other. However in real life, men and women’s characteristics tend to overlap (Crespi) . Even people who are in the same group may have different characteristics and personalities which are formed influencing by the environment and experiences....   [tags: gender socialization, boys and girls, family]

Strong Essays
1370 words (3.9 pages)

Gender Norms Affect Behavior And Personality Essay

- ... 111).” Banks also mentions a survey taken by the Society of Engineers that found 75 percent of American girls having no interest in pursuing a career in science, math, or technology (James & Cherry A. banks, pg. 111). The reason behind this is that women see these subjects as cold, impersonal, and with little application to their lives or to society. The reason behind this may be behind what they learn in school. From my experience of history books, I did not see many women being recognized in these fields....   [tags: Gender, Education, School, Teacher]

Strong Essays
1083 words (3.1 pages)

Gender Roles Being Taught to Young Children: A Psychological Approach Essay

- Gender is socio-psychological characterizing of being male or female. Gender identity is the sense of being identified as one of these genders, and it is usually established before three years of age. Gender role describes the expectations of the society as how a male or female should behave according to their sex. Biology is the natural factor for differential gender development, and biologically a person with 46 XY chromosomes in their cells and gonads of testes would be a male, and a person with 46 XX chromosomes in their cells and gonads of ovaries would be a female....   [tags: Gender Studies]

Strong Essays
2237 words (6.4 pages)

The Essential Role Of Stereotype In Propaganda Essay

- The Essential Role Of Stereotype In Propaganda People encounter propaganda and stereotypes in their daily lifestyle from social interaction with peers to family and the media. Propaganda and stereotype are correlative; however their conceptual fundaments are different. Propaganda is a systematic manipulation of public opinion that is consciously disseminated to promote a doctrine or cause. Contemporary propaganda deliberately attempts to alter peoples’ opinion and influence human behaviour through common broadcasters such as “politicians, advertisers, journalists, and radio personalities” (Delwiche 2002)....   [tags: Media Stereotypes Stereotyping]

Strong Essays
1323 words (3.8 pages)