Ethics, Philosophy, And Value Theory Essay

Ethics, Philosophy, And Value Theory Essay

Length: 816 words (2.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

 Ethics is the branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. The term ethics derives from the Ancient Greek word ἠθικός ethikos, which is derived from the word ἦθος ethos . The branch of philosophy axiology comprises the sub-branches of Ethics and aesthetics, each concerned with concepts of value.
As a branch of philosophy, ethics investigates the questions “What is the best way for people to live?” and “What actions are right or wrong in particular circumstances?” In practice, ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality, by defining concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. As a field of intellectual enquiry, moral philosophy also is related to the fields of moral psychology, descriptive ethics, and value theory.
The three major areas of study within ethics are: Richard William Paul and Linda Elder define ethics as "a set of concepts and principles that guide us in determining what behavior helps or harms sentient creatures". Paul and Elder state that most people confuse ethics with behaving in accordance with social conventions, religious beliefs and the law and don 't treat ethics as a stand-alone concept.
The word "ethics" in English can mean several things. It can refer to philosophical ethics—a project that attempts to use reason in order to answer various kinds of ethical questions. It can also be used to describe a particular person 's own, idiosyncratic principles or habits. For example: "Joe has good ethics." It may also be used to characterize the questions of right-conduct in some specific sphere, even when such right-conduct is not examined philosophically: "business ethics," or "the ethics of child...


... middle of paper ...


...ns that arise when considering how one ought to act, morally speaking. Normative ethics is distinct from meta-ethics because it examines standards for the rightness and wrongness of actions, while meta-ethics studies the meaning of moral language and the metaphysics of moral facts.
Traditionally, normative ethics was the study of what makes actions right and wrong. These theories offered an overarching moral principle one could appeal to in resolving difficult moral decisions.
At the turn of the 20th century, moral theories became more complex and are no longer concerned solely with rightness and wrongness, but are interested in many different kinds of moral status. During the middle of the century, the study of normative ethics declined as meta-ethics grew in prominence. This focus on meta-ethics was in part caused by an intense linguistic focus in analytic philosop

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Value Of The Individual On Kant 's Theory Essay example

- ... An action must be judged on whether it is good or bad solely based on the outcome of the action. There is no moral rule when it comes to an action being deemed good or bad aside from the consequences of the action. The only way of differentiating a good action from a bad action is whether or not it brought about the most pleasure for the largest majority of people, versus the most pain for the largest majority of people. No single person matters any more than the next, in theory. Egoists say, “That behind every action that appears to be altruistic there is really a selfish motive....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Philosophy]

Strong Essays
1086 words (3.1 pages)

Value of Philosophy Essay example

- Philosophy is the study of examining and thinking about questionable ethical problems and/or generally accepted certainties. Philosophy aims at knowledge that combines a variety of academic fields as well as convictions, prejudices and beliefs. What is Russell’s essay about. Present Russell’s position in your own words. Bertrand Russell’s essay addresses many issues concerning philosophy. In the writing, he states philosophy’s nature, value, and criticisms. The essay explains these aspects of the study of philosophy in relatively different ways....   [tags: philosophy]

Strong Essays
955 words (2.7 pages)

Ethics : Ethics And Ethics Essay

- ... Yet it seems I had more to write about now than I did back then. Not sure why but it really came out easier to write on ethical subjects now, than I had to in the past. With all the experience I have had with upper management it seem to come easier. I never would have taken an Ethic class if I didn’t have to. Now I know with the knowledge I have obtained in this class. I am not so quick to make rash unethical decisions. Ethics are guiding principles used to help management and employees conduct themselves according to the values and standards set by a company....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Philosophy, Business ethics]

Strong Essays
1576 words (4.5 pages)

Philosophy And Philosophy : I Hate Philosophy Essay

- ... Kant’s theories presented ideas parallel to current understandings of philosophical undertakings such as ethics. For one, Kant recognized that the highest purpose of each individual is self-preservation and private happiness. Today, most people would agree with this notion. With numerous writings detailing the path to personal happiness, we find evidence of Kant’s theories in action. While Kant 's theories provide a relevant and plausible basis for our ethical theory, it contains certain contingencies that highlight the consequences of firmly relying on this theory alone....   [tags: Philosophy, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Morality]

Strong Essays
1794 words (5.1 pages)

Ethics Of Care And Moral Theory Essays

- The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines ethics as an area of study that deals with ideas about what is good and bad behavior. It is also a branch of philosophy dealing with what is morally right or wrong. This essay will discuss "The Ethics of Care" as moral theory and "All Animals Are Equal" as animal ethics. Additionally, it will emphasize caring for humans should be greater than the care for animals. “The Ethics of Care as Moral Theory,” Held feel ethic of care is different from moral theories of Kantian ethics, utilitarianism, and virtue theory....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Human, Religion]

Strong Essays
954 words (2.7 pages)

Personal Ethics And Leadership Ethics Essay

- I will try to paper the importance of personal ethics in leadership and how ethics produce effective leaders in organizations. The importance of understanding ethics, motivation to act as a role model and developing a plan of action for an organization are discussed because of their importance regarding development of good leadership. These key points suggest personal ethics positively affect leadership and when made a priority for leaders will produce ethical and effective leadership. With so many definitions of leadership, the question evolved from “what is the definition of leadership?” to “what is good leadership” (Ciulla, 2004, p....   [tags: Leadership, Ethics, Philosophy of life, Morality]

Strong Essays
1250 words (3.6 pages)

The Ethics Of The Olympic Golf Course Essay

- ... Aristotle’s opinions were the first realistic view of the universe and qualities that humans inherit whereas Plato’s where mystical natured pointing to the gods. Aristotle specialised his time looking at the state of an individual person’s eudaimonia (Surprenanat, 2015), which went on to form nicomachean ethics, the nature of the highest good for human being. In these ethical teaching Aristotle explains that wealth, honour and possessions where all limited reagents to reaching the highest good for human beings (Kemerling, 2011)....   [tags: Ethics, John Stuart Mill, Virtue, Intrinsic value]

Strong Essays
1237 words (3.5 pages)

The Role of Science, Ethics, and Faith in Modern Philosophy Essay

- The Role of Science, Ethics, and Faith in Modern Philosophy ABSTRACT: Curiously, in the late twentieth century, even agnostic cosmologists like Stephen Hawking—who is often compared with Einstein—pose metascientific questions concerning a Creator and the cosmos, which science per se is unable to answer. Modern science of the brain, e.g. Roger Penrose's Shadows of the Mind (1994), is only beginning to explore the relationship between the brain and the mind-the physiological and the epistemic. Galileo thought that God's two books-Nature and the Word-cannot be in conflict, since both have a common author: God....   [tags: Philosophy]

Strong Essays
3618 words (10.3 pages)

Essay on Philosophy Final

- 1. Choose two of the philosophers we've read and compare them on one idea that is most important to you. a. Clearly explain the idea using references to the text. b. Show that each of these philosophers agrees on this particular idea ( e.g., each of these philosophers agrees that...use references from the text to show that this is so ). Do you agree with the view the philosophers put forward. Why, or why not. The two philosophers I have chosen are Kant and Thoreau and Transcendentalism. Transcendentalism is defined by the Webster’s Dictionary as: a philosophy that emphasizes the a priori conditions of knowledge and experience or the unknowable character of ultimate reality or that emphasize...   [tags: Philosophy ]

Strong Essays
1089 words (3.1 pages)

Business Ethics Essay

- Business Ethics Ethics is a branch of philosophy that inquires into the nature of ultimate value and the standards by which human actions can be judged right or wrong (“ethics,” Collegiate). Ethics is not primarily concerned with the description of moral systems in societies. That task, which remains on the level of description, is one for anthropology or sociology. In contrast, ethics deals with the justification of moral principles. A Brief History of the Study of Ethics Ethics has been studied since ancient times....   [tags: Philosophy Ethics Morality essays research papers]

Strong Essays
1512 words (4.3 pages)