Essay on An Examination of the Philosophy of Marx and Engels

Essay on An Examination of the Philosophy of Marx and Engels

Length: 1716 words (4.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

During the peak of the Cold War, particularly during the 1950s, communists and communism were constituted the hobgoblins that haunted Western consciousness and anyone professing positive opinions towards the political philosophies of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels were immediately tarred with the communist brush and viewed with suspicion and censure. Nevertheless, the philosophy of historical materialism that both Engels and Marx espoused became very influential to the thought of the Western world, in addition to inspiring the revolutions that shook Russia and China. The following examination of this philosophy will, first of all, offer an overview of the basic tenets of this philosophy and then consider to what extent the legal histories of both Europe and the US can be regarded as consistent or inconsistent with the ideas proposed by Marx and Engels. This essay will also consider how the work of later writers reflects the theoretical traditions begun by Marx and Engels, or if their theoretical orientations can be better explains by other traditions.
Basic ideas of Marx and Engels
Marx offers the basic tenets to historical materialism, that is, his economic interpretation of history, in the preface to his text A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy. This writing proposes that it is economic factors, specifically the way in which people produce the necessities required to sustain human society, that determine both the politics and ideology of that society. Marx writes the "legal and political superstructure" of a society will arise from the "mode of production of material life conditions for general process of social, political and intellectual life" (Marx Critique 20). In other words, Marx argued that it was not ...


... middle of paper ...


...ced, and are continuing to influence, contemporary society, which means, in general, a better future for the working class.


Works Cited

Dahl, Jonathan. "Congress passes a bill likely to force many hotels to install room sprinklers." Wall Street Journal.
Domhoff, William. The Higher Circles. (1970): 217-218.
Engels, Friedrich. "Letters on Historical Materialism."
Engels, Friedrich. The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State.
Granfield, Robert. "Legal education as corporate ideology: Student adjustment to the Law School Experience." Sociological Forum 1.3 (1985): 514-515.  
Graves, Florence and Norrgard, Lee. "Money to burn: How Chicago's traders get their way on capital Hill." Common Cause Magazine (1985): pp. 20-31.
Marx, Karl. A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy. Ed. Maurice Dobb. New York: International Press, 1859, 1970.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The World Of Production, By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels

- ... To understand EXO 's place in the labor relations, one can turn to commodity fetishism as outlined by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in “The Fetishism of Commodities and the Secret Thereof.” Marx and Engels argue that when something becomes a commodity, the glorification of the commodity masks the material relations behind it. The commodity is built up as an object of desire, and its targeted audience then focuses on it and the desire it creates. This allows for the exploitation of the workers who produced the object, because the focus is on the desire, not the labor relations that created it....   [tags: Karl Marx, Marxism, Communism, Friedrich Engels]

Powerful Essays
1771 words (5.1 pages)

Biographies of Karl Marx and Frederich Engels Essay

- Biographies of Karl Marx and Frederich Engels Karl Marx and Frederich Engels collaborated to introduce the liberal ideas of Communism. The Communist Manifesto was their byproduct that was introduced in January of 1828. Marx and Engels lives were drastically different from each other, although they both agreed upon the fundamental ideas of it. Marx’s idea of being an individual stemmed from the life that he lived. Marx found that his ideas were often not accepted in various societies but this did not stop him from professing them....   [tags: Marx Engels Biography Essays]

Powerful Essays
1388 words (4 pages)

The Communist Manifesto By Marx And Engels Essay

- ... Occupations such as doctors, lawyers, and priests also began to change into wage labor professions in lieu of the bourgeoisie’s rise. In order for the Bourgeoisie to exist it has to constantly revolutionize it means of production while constantly expanding markets for its products, ultimately changing relations in society. As civilization becomes too industrialized, crisis due to over production threatens to destroy the Middle Class and in trying to remedy the situation they lose their ability to prevent new ones....   [tags: Marxism, Karl Marx, Bourgeoisie, Capitalism]

Powerful Essays
1092 words (3.1 pages)

Karl Marx and Frederick Engels Essay

- Karl Marx and Frederick Engels Karl Marx and Frederic Engels were two very liberal, politically left, philosophers. This means that they were in favor of a large government that is comprised of the people, and involved in the lives of these people. One may reflect that this does not sound very different from the influence the United States government has on the lives of its citizens, a large providing government that acts on the will of the people. In both situations the government is aware of the citizens and aims to instill equality into the societies, but this equality is to be obtained by different means and to different extents....   [tags: Political History Marx Engels Essays]

Powerful Essays
1614 words (4.6 pages)

Marx and Engels' View and Purpose of Religion Essay

- Throughout history, religion has played a significant function in society as a medium through which people connect, via various rituals and symbols (Marsh et al. 2009). When the subject of Marx, Engels and religion is discussed, the famous quote ‘Religion is the opiate of the masses’ (Marx as cited in Raines 2002, p.5) is one that is for the most part, at the forefront of people’s minds. It is often a misconception that Marx and Engels viewed religion in a predominantly negative light and saw it as something that human beings had no use for....   [tags: Philosophy ]

Powerful Essays
1956 words (5.6 pages)

Marx and Engels Against Capitalism Essay

- Due to the evidence with Marx and Engels against capitalism and thus the industrial revolution, this is the leading theme, an argument can be made that both men possible believe industrialization was a positive growth. Therefore, through Marx works and definition terms of using The Communist Manifesto, argues that the history of time existing society is where class struggles between the bourgeoisie and proletarians, with these arguments it possibly may be true. These philosophers have explained worlds in various ways by marking the move from theory into strategies and somewhat the action dated from a work written by Mark and Engels, known as the “The German Ideology”: What is really relevan...   [tags: marx, capitalism, manifesto communism]

Powerful Essays
678 words (1.9 pages)

Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels Essay

- As we know, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels are the main ideologists of communism. A distinctive feature of their understanding of the goals and objectives of the communist party is that their political view of the world is closely associated with the common vision and understanding of society, as a whole. This is the reason why the Communist Manifesto is different from other political programs and manifests; it includes the philosophical beginning of communism on the level of understanding which the oppressed majority would understand....   [tags: Marxism, Karl Marx, Communism, Sociology]

Powerful Essays
1278 words (3.7 pages)

Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels Essay

- Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels from “Communist League”, a radical workers group, was authorized to produce The Communist Manifesto on behalf of the group. Marx was the author of The Communist Manifesto with Engels as the assistant and editor. The Communist Manifesto was published on February 21, 1848. In the document Marx and Engels argue that struggles between classes and the exploitation between one classes of another, is the force behind historic development, “all history has been a history of class struggles, of struggles between exploited and exploiting, between dominated and dominating classes at various stages of social development,” (Karl Marx)....   [tags: Karl Marx, Marxism, Socialism, Communism]

Powerful Essays
804 words (2.3 pages)

Individual and State Roles in Communism According to Marx and Engels Essay

- Individual and State Roles in Communism According to Marx and Engels Individuals will ultimately serve the state in which the state will control many facets of the individuals’ life, but in return, the civilians will receive the freedoms they deserve in a communistic society. Karl Marx and Frederick Engels adamantly opposed capitalism in many ways and felt the bourgeoisie, or capitalists are enslaving the proletarians, or working class. They claimed that industrialization was reducing the common workingman into mere wage labor and believed that the proletarians of every nation needed to unite and form a revolutionary party in order to overthrow their bourgeoisie captors in order to br...   [tags: Marx Engels Communist Manifesto Essays]

Powerful Essays
1165 words (3.3 pages)

The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels Essay

- The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels The Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, outlines how a society should be run under communism. The document provides truths to what is wrong with society; what causes these wrongs; how they can be fixed; and how this relates to humans and nature. Marx was a political philosopher of German ancestry. Marx and Engels split the document up into four sections: Section 1: Bourgeois and Proletarians, section 2: Proletarians and Communists, section 3: Socialists and Communist literature, and section 4: Positions of the Communists in relation to the Various Existing Opposition Parties....   [tags: Communist Manifesto Marx Engels Essays]

Powerful Essays
960 words (2.7 pages)